Whole education is a revolutionary concept for vulnerable children in a diverse society; the whole education provides holistic education through ethical and emotional approaches to help children grow mentally and physically in schools.
The educational institutions nowadays enroll a diverse community of students in their schools that highlight the cultural values of a society and help the students to collaborate with people from numerous races, backgrounds, cultures, and ethnicities. Many students and their families properly address the challenges of diversity at school and also deeply appreciate its value; however, many of the diverse students in the classroom have grown up in the difficult circumstances and their ability to lead the schools are undermined, which is why they are unable to strongly connect with the peers and educators. The role of whole child learning is a very sensitive subject in society because many nations are facing staggering economic costs resulting from a growing number of students in the schools. Therefore, teenagers and talented children face countless barriers to learning.
The Vulnerable Children Categories:
Vulnerable children and youth include individuals who have been living in chronic poverty and often face domestic violence and emotional unrest, which is why their primary goal is the survival in society. The crushing economies and inflation are endangering the lives of many poverty-ridden families and their children; therefore, foster children and orphans are also are on the verge of destruction.
Moreover, the children are exploited in the face of diversity in a growing population which includes refugee children and abandoned children who enter the United States each year. The US aid and relief programs aim to help these vulnerable children from diverse backgrounds. Some American families adopt the European refugee children and provide the shelter and good education. Children affected by divorced families and violence also face several academic problems and get into trouble with school authorities and police. Children with mental and health-related problems also suffer in schools that unfavorably influence their educational outcomes. African American children also suffer from neglect and abuse in the society which hinders them from becoming better learners.
The Education as Whole for Children:
The goal of early childhood education is to provide the necessary skills to learn mathematics and language to prepare them for becoming productive members of society. However, critics argue that the emotional and social competencies in children must also be recognized in the school’s curriculum in addition to math and science to help children succeed in school life. Even though social and emotional aspects of literacy are non-academic like math and science, they help students to grow and learn as a whole and enable them to face the challenges of society. The researchers have shown that at the school level, social, emotional, and self-regulatory skills are often intertwined. Therefore, to nurture the young learners at schools and help them become responsible citizens, the teaching practices must evolve and transform to reflect a new curriculum based on the development of the whole child.
Tension will always exist in the standardized education and individualized education. Therefore, the educators agree on the point that children and youth both need emotional stability and social collaboration to help them grow cognitively at different rates. Children often go through numerous social and emotional changes between childhood years and adulthood, which is why the developmental process in children must be facilitated by the curriculum in order to let them overcome their inferiority.
How to Educate the Whole Child?
The purpose and objectives of educations are changing in the modern world; the researchers have debated the goals of education for many years. For example, education must enable children from diverse communities to develop social, emotional, cognitive, physical, and ethical values and strengths so that they can be called well-educated as well as stable. Education must provide an environment for diverse children to have a sense of belonging and security, which is why the educational psychologists have proposed the purpose of giving holistic education to the children to achieve self-actualization. In a holistic perspective, education will be able to nurture a child as a whole and improve their cognitive, artistic, critical thinking, problem-solving, and language skills.
The quest for whole or holistic education requires educational institutions to adopt ethical standards and standardize the curriculum t meet the emotional needs of school children as well. The parents and society often have high expectations from the students, but the rigid social norms and deficiency of holistic educational approach create differences between students from various communities. Therefore, the core qualities of whole education include cultivation of a human being who can develop himself or herself through a comprehensive educational process. The whole education enables children to physically and emotionally create an impact on society and their surroundings in a positive way.
Mark Carlton is an educational researcher and an assistant professor at assignment expert | assignmentcorner.co.uk; her efforts have increased awareness regarding holistic education and helped many schools to raise their standards.